KAUTILYA ARTHASHASTRA SUMMARY PDF

He is referred to as the Indian Machiavelli as a result of his undisputed and shrewd techniques and policies, which mirror a "realist" approach to politics, diplomacy and warfare. His Arthashastra text recommended that no means were on the far side scope of a ruler to expand his territory or obtain power as well as the unscrupulous ethics of permitting torture, trickery, deceit, and spying as legitimate suggests, to realize territory, wealth and power. Arthashastra deals thoroughly with the qualities and disciplines needed for a king to rule his subjects more expeditiously. According to Kautilya, a kKing is one who: Has self-control, having conquered the unfriendly temptations of the senses Cultivates the intellect by consulting with elders Keeps his eyes open and stays updated through spies Is always active in promoting the protection and welfare of the folks Ensures the speculation of the themes of their Dharma by authority and example Improves his own discipline by enhancing his learning in all branches of knowledge; and Endears himself to his subjects by enriching them Quarrels among individuals may be resolved by winning over the leaders or by removing the reason for the quarrel - individuals fighting among people themselves facilitate the king by competing with each other.

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However, if we carefully examine some of the literature after the second urbanisation emergence of the janapads of the subcontinent we find a lot of material which tells us that ancient Indian writers were not devoid of the capability of writing treatises on statecraft and military strategy. During his period society underwent a lot of changes with the rise and fall of empires, and invasions of the Yavans Greeks under Alexander the Great. The Kautilyan study on politics and war has become famous not only for the factual point of view but also because one can deduce that certain principles of war mentioned in it can be applied to this day.

This article is the first in a series of articles which will deal the Arthashastra and what it has to say about statecraft and military strategy although the Arthashastra contains information on the administration of the state and economy.

Shama Shastri aroused much interest and a fierce debate about its composition ensued among scholars. A critical examination of the text convinced some of the scholars that the Arthashastra was not the work of one individual. However, there are many scholars who believe that Kautilya should be credited with the creation of this text as even though it contains some other schools of thought, the main body of the text was composed by Kautilya and the other schools were seen as an addition to the original text in later periods.

It is believed that Kautilya also known as Chanakya or Vishnugupta was the author of the text. He became the Chief Minister of Chandragupta Maurya, the first Mauryan emperor after training him and helping him overthrow the Nanda Empire.

According to Ganpat Shastri the author was Kautilya because he was born in Kautila gotra a clan among the Brahmans of India , he was called Chanakya because he was born at Chanak and was named Vishnugupta by his parents.

Two verses from the Arthashastra support the traditional view are verse 1. However, over the years this has been called into question on several grounds. The verses cited have been dismissed as later additions. The objection that the Arthashastra was the work of a scholar and not someone involved in politics is also not very convincing as it contains very pragmatic assertions and statements. On the basis of such contradictions, it has been argued that the two works cannot be of the same time as we know for a certainty that Megasthenes was a contemporary of Chandragupta and therefore the Arthashastra may be of some other time, probably later.

Second, the Indica has been paraphrased through second-hand accounts of later authors and the original text has not survived. The third reason is the nature of the text Arthashastra which we will discuss in the next paragraph. The Arthashastra does not contain any reference to the Mauryan Empire because it is not a descriptive account of the Mauryan empire it is actually a theoretical treatise which tells how a state should function, it discusses a potential, not an actual state.

All the discussion is from the point of view of the Vijigishu the would-be conqueror or rather one who has imperial ambitions could follow this text to excel in his conquest. Therefore there is a good reason to support a traditional view of the date and authorship of the Arthashastra because on the basis of the style of writing it seems earlier than certain texts like the Kama Sutra and Yajnavalkya Smriti.

It mentions the Ajivikas as an important sect a feature of Mauryan times , sangha polities and the administrative structure reflected in the text does not match any other historical period.

Conclusion This is the first article in my series on the Arthashastra. The subsequent articles will discuss what has been said in the Arthashastra on statecraft and military administration it may contain some notions for society too as no state can survive without its people so if you like my article stay tuned for more.

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Kautilya's Arthashastra: Quick overview

However, if we carefully examine some of the literature after the second urbanisation emergence of the janapads of the subcontinent we find a lot of material which tells us that ancient Indian writers were not devoid of the capability of writing treatises on statecraft and military strategy. During his period society underwent a lot of changes with the rise and fall of empires, and invasions of the Yavans Greeks under Alexander the Great. The Kautilyan study on politics and war has become famous not only for the factual point of view but also because one can deduce that certain principles of war mentioned in it can be applied to this day. This article is the first in a series of articles which will deal the Arthashastra and what it has to say about statecraft and military strategy although the Arthashastra contains information on the administration of the state and economy. Shama Shastri aroused much interest and a fierce debate about its composition ensued among scholars. A critical examination of the text convinced some of the scholars that the Arthashastra was not the work of one individual.

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Kautilya Arthashastra in English: Complete Book, PDF & Summary

It is from these four that all other knowledge, wealth and human prosperity is derived. In the absence of governance, the strong will swallow the weak. In the presence of governance, the weak resists the strong. Those who are unrighteous, should not work in civil and criminal courts. Those who lack integrity in financial matters or fall for the lure of money must not be in revenue collection or treasury, states the text, and those who lack integrity in sexual relationships must not be appointed to Vihara services pleasure grounds.

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