So a thing can be compared with any other thing and one may draw parallel lines between any mythologems and any phenomena… And Antonin Artaud boldly follows this trail, transmuting salaciousness into poetic language. His Heliogabalus is a tale about a madman told by another madman, the fantastic ejaculation of a poetical mind. He declared himself a living god-emperor, and through marriage to Bene Gesserat Livia produced several generations of active-trait males. One appears to have been the first known Abomination, a man who heard voices and claimed to be both male and female, but whose actions were so perverse that Voice Claudia refuses to describe them. Especially based on this quote: All the same, Heliogabalus the pederast king who wanted to be a woman, was a priest of the Masculine.
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Antoninianus of Julia Maesa. His father was initially a member of the Equites class, but was later elevated to the rank of senator. His grandmother, Julia Maesa , was the widow of the consul Julius Avitus , the sister of Julia Domna , and the sister-in-law of the emperor Septimius Severus.
When the Emperor Macrinus came to power, he suppressed the threat against his reign from the family of his assassinated predecessor, Caracalla, by exiling them—Julia Maesa, her two daughters, and her eldest grandson Elagabalus—to their estate at Emesa in Syria. At sunrise on 16 May , Publius Valerius Comazon , commander of the legion, declared him emperor. However, this force soon joined the faction of Elagabalus when, during the battle, they turned on their own commanders. Letters of reconciliation were dispatched to Rome extending amnesty to the Senate and recognizing the laws, while also condemning the administration of Macrinus and his son.
INscription: IMP. The contemporary historian Cassius Dio suggests that Gannys was in fact killed by the new emperor because he pressured Elagabalus to live "temperately and prudently".
He also demonetized the antoninianus during this period in Rome. His mother and grandmother became the first women to be allowed into the Senate,  and both received senatorial titles: Soaemias the established title of Clarissima, and Maesa the more unorthodox Mater Castrorum et Senatus "Mother of the army camp and of the Senate".
Indeed, they exercised great influence over the young emperor throughout his reign, and can be found on many coins and inscriptions—a rare honor for Roman women. Inscription: IMP. In fact, there may have been an effort to introduce Elagabal, Urania, and Athena as the new Capitoline triad of Rome—replacing Jupiter, Juno , and Minerva.
No one held the reins, and no one rode in the chariot; the vehicle was escorted as if the god himself were the charioteer. He made the whole journey in this reverse fashion, looking up into the face of his god. The marriage caused a public outrage because Aquilia was a Vestal Virgin , sworn by Roman law to celibacy for 30 years.
Elagabalus married and divorced five women,  three of whom are known. He had returned to his second wife Severa by the end of the year. There were, of course, men who had been specially instructed to play their part. For, as in other matters, so in this business, too, he had numerous agents who sought out those who could best please him by their foulness. He would collect money from his patrons and give himself airs over his gains; he would also dispute with his associates in this shameful occupation, claiming that he had more lovers than they and took in more money.
Alexander shared the consulship with the emperor that year. On their arrival the soldiers started cheering Alexander while ignoring Elagabalus, who ordered the summary arrest and execution of anyone who had taken part in this display of insubordination.
Cassius Dio lived from the second half of the 2nd century until sometime after Born into a patrician family, he spent the greater part of his life in public service.
He was a senator under emperor Commodus and governor of Smyrna after the death of Septimius Severus. Afterwards, he served as suffect consul around , and as proconsul in Africa and Pannonia. His Roman History spans nearly a millennium , from the arrival of Aeneas in Italy until the year Dio regularly refers to Elagabalus as Sardanapalus , partly to distinguish him from his divine namesake,  but chiefly to do his part in maintaining the damnatio memoriae and to associate him with another autocrat notorious for a dissolute life.
Herodian is considered the most important source for the religious reforms which took place during the reign of Elagabalus, which have been confirmed by numismatic   and archaeological evidence. Gibbon not only accepted and expressed outrage at the allegations of the ancient historians, but he might have added some details of his own; he is the first historian known to claim that Gannys was a eunuch , for example.
A long train of concubines, and a rapid succession of wives, among whom was a vestal virgin, ravished by force from her sacred asylum, were insufficient to satisfy the impotence of his passions. It may seem probable, the vices and follies of Elagabalus have been adorned by fancy, and blackened by prejudice. Yet, confining ourselves to the public scenes displayed before the Roman people, and attested by grave and contemporary historians, their inexpressible infamy surpasses that of any other age or country.
It was the intention of this eminently religious but crack-brained despot to supersede the worship of all the gods, not only at Rome but throughout the world, by the single worship of Elagabalus or the Sun. Stuart Hay, "a serious and systematic study"  more sympathetic than that of previous historians, which nonetheless stressed the exoticism of Elagabalus, calling his reign one of "enormous wealth and excessive prodigality, luxury and aestheticism, carried to their ultimate extreme, and sensuality in all the refinements of its Eastern habit".
He was simply the loser in a power struggle within the imperial family; the loyalty of the Praetorian Guards was up for sale, and Julia Maesa had the resources to outmaneuver and outbribe her grandson.
In this version of events, once Elagabalus, his mother, and his immediate circle had been murdered, a campaign of character assassination began, resulting in a grotesque caricature that has persisted to the present day. Legacy[ edit ] Elagabalus on a wall painting at Forchtenstein Castle Due to the ancient tradition about him, Elagabalus became something of an anti- hero in the Decadent movement of the late 19th century.
His life and character have informed or at least inspired many famous works of art, by Decadents, even by contemporary artists. The most notable of these works include: .
Artaud was diagnosed with meningitis at age five, a disease which had no cure at the time. He was discharged due to addiction to laudanum and mental instability. Intonation is found within oneself and pushed out with the burning power of feeling, not achieved through imitation". He wrote a number of film scenarios, and ten are listed in his Complete Works. Directed by Germaine Dulac , it is often considered the first surrealist film.
HELIOGABALUS ARTAUD PDF
Antoninianus of Julia Maesa. His father was initially a member of the Equites class, but was later elevated to the rank of senator. His grandmother, Julia Maesa , was the widow of the consul Julius Avitus , the sister of Julia Domna , and the sister-in-law of the emperor Septimius Severus. When the Emperor Macrinus came to power, he suppressed the threat against his reign from the family of his assassinated predecessor, Caracalla, by exiling them—Julia Maesa, her two daughters, and her eldest grandson Elagabalus—to their estate at Emesa in Syria. At sunrise on 16 May , Publius Valerius Comazon , commander of the legion, declared him emperor. However, this force soon joined the faction of Elagabalus when, during the battle, they turned on their own commanders.
Macmillan and Co, As a token of respect for Roman religion, however, Elagabalus joined either AstarteMinervaUraniaor some combination of the three to Elagabal as consort. Elagabalus married and divorced five women,  three of whom are known. Your pre-order item will usually be shipped on the publishing date of the book. Connections could also be drawn to his writings on the Tarahumara. The short book is composed of three sections. Oct 29, Andrew rated it really liked it. Sometimes hard to sort the gibberish from the heliogabalux, but there were rataud amazing nuggets.
Heliogabalus; or, the Crowned Anarchist
The written numeral is a symbol for what one cant manage to add up or measure. Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Augustus ; c. Roman and Byzantine emperors. This website uses heliofabalus to improve user experience. Italics indicates a co-emperor, while underlining indicates a usurper. Artaud sets up the emperor as the epitome of his Theatre of Cruelty. Artaud explains how the boy was both an anarchist and creating poetry and theater.