Each plate in the series shows the same subject in sequential phases of one action. Muybridge recorded varied forms of movement in a wide range of animals, mostly taken at Philadelphia zoo, from pigeons in flight to the subtleties of gait found in sloths, camels and capybaras. Muybridge also documented human subjects walking, running and descending staircases and engaging in boxing, fencing, weight lifting and wrestling. Born in in Kingston upon Thames, London, Muybridge emigrated to America as a young man and worked as a bookseller.
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Muybridge Images in Digital Image Collection Eadweard Muybridge carried out the photography for his Animal Locomotion plates on the University of Pennsylvania campus with the support of the University. The English-born Muybridge was known as a landscape photographer in the American West, when, in he came to the attention of Leland Stanford, head of the Union Pacific Railroad and one-time Governor of California.
While he continued to produce panoramic landscape shots, such as a series of photographs of San Francisco taken in for Mrs. Leland Stanford, Muybridge now focused on the study of animals in motion, a new venture in the field of science and photography.
Role of the University of Pennsylvania During the early s, as Muybridge traveled widely in the United State and abroad to give lectures on motion photography, he came to the attention of several prominent Philadelphians. Fairman Rogers, c. Philadelphia, with such industries as Baldwin Locomotive, was a national leader in manufacturing as well as home to a wealth of scientific institutions such as the Academy of Natural Sciences established , the Franklin Institute , the Wagner Free Institute of Science , and the Philadelphia Zoo opened Lippincott to discuss bringing Muybridge and his work to Philadelphia.
Barker, Professor of Physics Lewis M. Haupt , professor of Civil Engineering William D. Muybridge also had indoor space in Biological Hall, located a bit further west on Pine Street. The purchasing of photography equipment was done through the Secretary of the University, Rev. Jesse Y. After Muybridge finished his work, some of the equipment was sold by the University, but some pieces remain in the University Archives.
Eadweard Muybridge: Animal Locomotion
Muybridge. The Human and Animal Locomotion Photographs