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His mother was Genoese - Greek  likely born in Smyrna and his father a Sicilian barone   from a family of remote Greek origin the Kyriko or Chirico was a family of Greek origin that moved from Rhodes to Palermo in , together with other Greek-Catholic families.
By , he was beginning to paint in a simpler style of flat, anonymous surfaces. He also painted The Enigma of the Oracle while in Florence. In July he spent a few days in Turin on his way to Paris. The paintings de Chirico produced between and , his metaphysical period, are characterized by haunted, brooding moods evoked by their images.
At the start of this period, his subjects were motionless cityscapes inspired by the bright daylight of Mediterranean cities, but gradually he turned his attention to studies of cluttered storerooms, sometimes inhabited by mannequin -like hybrid figures. What is required above all is a pronounced sensitivity. In , through Apollinaire, he met the art dealer Paul Guillaume , with whom he signed a contract for his artistic output.
Upon his arrival in May , he enlisted in the army, but he was considered unfit for work and assigned to the hospital at Ferrara. The shop windows of that town inspired a series of paintings that feature biscuits, maps, and geometric constructions in indoor settings.
Starting from , his work was exhibited extensively in Europe. Return to order[ edit ] In November , de Chirico published an article in Valori plastici entitled "The Return of Craftsmanship", in which he advocated a return to traditional methods and iconography.
He became an outspoken opponent of modern art. In de Chirico visited Paris and was accepted into the group, although the surrealists were severely critical of his post-metaphysical work.
In he held his first exhibition in New York City and shortly afterwards, London. He wrote essays on art and other subjects, and in published a novel entitled Hebdomeros, the Metaphysician. Also in , he made stage designs for Sergei Diaghilev. Together they moved to Italy in and to the US in ,  finally settling in Rome in In he bought a house near the Spanish Steps; now the Giorgio de Chirico House Museum , a museum dedicated to his work. In , he adopted a neo- Baroque style influenced by Rubens.
He resented this, as he thought his later work was better and more mature. He nevertheless produced backdated "self-forgeries" both to profit from his earlier success, and as an act of revenge—retribution for the critical preference for his early work.
He died in Rome on 20 November In his remains were moved to the Roman church of San Francesco a Ripa . Andrea de Chirico, his brother who became famous under the name Alberto Savinio , was also a writer and a painter. In them he developed a repertoire of motifs—empty arcades, towers, elongated shadows, mannequins, and trains among others—that he arranged to create "images of forlornness and emptiness" that paradoxically also convey a feeling of "power and freedom".
His towers, walls, and plazas seem to flash by, and you are made to feel the power that comes from seeing things that way: you feel you know them more intimately than the people do who live with them day by day. Perhaps it comes from the train and is near us. Or possibly it is a cloud on the horizon, lit by the sun that never penetrates the buildings, in the last electric blue silence of dusk. Early de Chiricos are full of such effects. Et quid amabo nisi quod aenigma est? The one-eyed figure represented the visionary.
The poems were read by actor Burt Young at the Met in
Giorgio de Chirico
Prólogo a «Hebdómeros» de Giorgio de Chirico, por César Aira