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Bhartendu Harishchandra Bharatendu Harishchandra Biography Bharatendu Harishchandra, the father of the modern Hindi literature and the Hindi theatre, was born in the Benares at 9th September in the year After serving a lot for the modern Hindi literature for 35 years, he died at 6th January in the year He was a recognized poet for his great works and renowned as one of the supreme Hindi writers, novelists and playwrights of the modern India.

It is considered that he had started composing poetry at his 5. He also sketches his thoughts for the development of the country. He has created new literature by focusing on the old literatures. He always wrote by his pen name, the Rasa. His father name was Gopal Chandra who was also a great poet. His father was writing poetry by his pen name, Girdhar Das.

Bharatendu Harishchandra could not live with his parents more, as they died in his young age, but they leave their deep influence on him. Bharatendu Harishchandra had very small family, a daughter only. His granddaughter named Pratibha Agarwal was also a Hindi writer and she founded the Anamika theatre group in the Kolkata.

He has completed his Jagannath Temple yatra in Puri at his 15, with his family in the year This yatra is related to his life very deeply as he got much influenced by the Bengal renaissance and he made certain that he would bring the reality of the social, historical as well as puranic plays in his writings. Three years later, he wrote the Bengali drama renowned as the Vidyasundar.

He has edited his many writings and magazines. His many writings show the history of the Agrawal community as he was the member of the Chowdhury family related to the Agrawal community of the Kashi. Career: After the death of his father, he engrossed himself entirely towards the Hindi literature and tried to give his best contribution by his better writings in order to develop the Hindi literature. His great contribution towards the Hindi literature is through his immense writings in form of prose, poetry, journals, drama, translations, etc.

Through his editorship, his efforts were recognized very clearly to a great extent towards the development of the Hindi language. He was proved as a very energetic person of his era. He was always full of enthusiasm and unlimited courage for his grand works which were the reasons to succeed him till his end of life. Although he is never die to the lovers of the Hindi literature. Sahitya Harishchandra in


Bharatendu Harishchandra

Acharya Ramchandra Shukla has described how Bharatendu went to the Jagannath temple in Puri, Orissa with his family inwhen he was merely 15 years of age. A recognised poet, he was a trendsetter in Hindi harischandrw. Culture and power in Banaras: He used new media, especially publications to shape public opinion. Bharatendu Harishchandra made major contributions in the fields of journalism, drama, and harischanvra. Bhartendu Harishchandra Author of Andher Nagari Without the knowledge of the mother tongue, there is no cure for the pain of heart. Bharatendu Harishchandra entered theatre activity as an actor and soon become director, manager, and playwright. His major plays are:.



He wrote under the pseudonym Girdhar Das. Acharya Ramchandra Shukla has described how Bharatendu went to the Jagannath temple in Puri, Orissa with his family in , when he was merely 15 years of age. This influence reflected in his Hindi translation of the Bengali drama Vidyasundar, three years later, in Bharatendu devoted his life to the development of Hindi literature.


Bhartendu Harishchandra


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