A DEFENSE OF RELIGIOUS EXCLUSIVISM ALVIN PLANTINGA PDF

Instead, Plantinga shows that religious pluralism may serve to suppress or support religious exclusivism. Pluralism, he maintains, is in and of itself a defense of religious exclusivism. Plantinga begins his discussion with his pluralist beginnings at Yale, and asks if knowledge of truth is even possible. Using two beginning postulates, he shows that these are not universally accepted for a variety of reasons: in fact there is a wide diversity of opposing ideas, so he asks what impact this has on his own religious beliefs. He observes that knowledge of such pluralisms is as old as time.

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Religious Exclusivism is an idea that is represented by Alvin Plantiga. And what the idea of Religious Exclusivism represents is that whatever religious belief you hold to be true, must be true exclusively, which then deems all other religions to be false. Therefore, a religious exclusivist ends up rejecting the views of fewer people. Plantiga is a devout Christian, and to hold the position of a Christian from a Religious Exclusivist position, you must believe two things to be true.

Firstly, you must be a theist, that is to say that you believe the world was created by God, an omnipotent, omniscient, and perfectly good God. While the second belief of the Christian exclusivist, is to believe that humans require salvation, and God presents this salvation in a unique way through Jesus Christ his incarnated son. Plantiga considers two There are numerous differences between religions: one versus many gods, personal versus impersonal gods, personal survival of believers versus no survival of believers, moral codes, religious life, etc.

As observable in human history, though religions often offer some sort heaven it often paradoxically entails conflicts and controversies. And amidst the variety of beliefs that populate contemporary society, one cannot help to think how to take in hand the overabundance of truths that sometimes overlaps, dissent, and eventually oppose each other. There are three stances one can take. First is to 1 treat all religions as valid and true pluralism. Another way is to 2 view beliefs in way that some are right and some are wrong exclusivism.

Finally, one can also 3 think about all religions as false atheism. Let me take into consideration the third stance first. By arguing that all religious beliefs are false, it also means arguing that God or any form of the transcendent does not exist.

And by arguing this, means rejecting all of the theistic theses that were formulated in the history of man. And this is the part

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“A Defense of Religious Exclusivism”

Mackie , and to which the free-will defense responds, is an argument against the existence of the Christian God based on the idea that a logical contradiction exists between four theological tenets in orthodox Christian theology. Specifically, the argument from evil asserts that the following set of propositions are, by themselves, logically inconsistent or contradictory: God is omniscient all-knowing God is omnibenevolent morally perfect There is evil in the world Most orthodox Christian theologians agree with the first three propositions describing God as all-knowing 1 , all-powerful 2 , and morally perfect 3 , and agree with the proposition that there is evil in the world, as described in proposition 4. The logical argument from evil asserts that a God with the attributes 1—3 , must know about all evil, would be capable of preventing it, and as morally perfect would be motivated to do so. With an explicit contradiction ruled out, an atheologian must add premises to the argument for it to succeed. Plantinga sought to resolve this by offering two further points. God could not, for example, create square circles, act contrary to his nature, or, more relevantly, create beings with free will that would never choose evil. Instead, his argument sought only to show that the logical problem of evil was unsound.

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A DEFENSE OF RELIGIOUS EXCLUSIVISM ALVIN PLANTINGA PDF

Religious Exclusivism is an idea that is represented by Alvin Plantiga. And what the idea of Religious Exclusivism represents is that whatever religious belief you hold to be true, must be true exclusively, which then deems all other religions to be false. Therefore, a religious exclusivist ends up rejecting the views of fewer people. Plantiga is a devout Christian, and to hold the position of a Christian from a Religious Exclusivist position, you must believe two things to be true. Firstly, you must be a theist, that is to say that you believe the world was created by God, an omnipotent, omniscient, and perfectly good God. While the second belief of the Christian exclusivist, is to believe that humans require salvation, and God presents this salvation in a unique way through Jesus Christ his incarnated son.

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