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Presto ma non troppo Finale It was with the composition of the Haydn Variations that the year-old Johannes Brahms broke new ground for himself and for the musical world.
Having wrestled for a number of years with two of the great major classical forms, string quartet and symphony, he returned to symphonic writing during his summer holiday in the Bavarian town of Tutzing using the variation form as a preparation for his first symphony. He was accomplished at writing in the variation form having previously done so for piano and movements of chamber works, but this set of variations would prove to be the first ever written for full orchestra.
Pohl, librarian for the Gesellschaft der Musikfreunde in Vienna and Haydn scholar, who introduced the composer to a group of manuscripts supposedly by Haydn. Through the course of the work, Brahms melds a classical form with romantic lyricism and color and ends this journey with an evocation of Bach. While the eight variations following the theme adhere to the rhythmic structure, harmony and melodic contours of the theme, each one displays a unique mood, tempo, and orchestration.
Brahms employs the forces of the classical orchestra pairs of winds, timpani, and strings but experiments with additional possibilities of orchestral color by adding two additional horns, contrabassoon, piccolo and triangle.
The theme features the winds, similar to the instrumentation found in the manuscript that Pohl showed him. Built on a five measure ground bass taken from the opening of the theme, the spirit of Bach appears through the ensuing 17 repetitions. The triangle and piccolo are employed to color the final triumphant expressions of the chorale theme.
Bibliography Max Bruch Scottish Fantasy, op. Vaughan Williams and Respighi were two of his students. Friendship with eminent violinists such as Ferdinand David, Joseph Joachim, and Pablo Sarasate inspired nine works for violin and orchestra. Its original title was Fantasie for violin with orchestra and harp, with the free use of Scottish folk melodies.
Considering its scope and the virtuosity demanded of the soloist, the piece rivals any violin concerto, in fact it was often called the Scotch Concerto in early concert programs. Because Bruch considered the violin and harp to be indigenous to the folk music of northern England and Scotland, the harp plays a major role as it supports and accompanies the soloist. The piece begins with somber statements from the brass, alternating with recitative-like passages for the violin.
The vivacious scherzo movement, featuring the tune Hey, the Dusty Miller, evokes bagpipes and fiddles at the village dance. The finale, Allegro guerriero, presents variations on an old war song, Scots Wha Hae, concluding the work with increasingly more brilliant fireworks.
Fuga con Pajarillo (version sinfonica)
Fuga con Pajarillo (Arr. E. Valencia for Saxophone Quartet) [Live]
Fuga Con Pajarillo